“Printing Indians and the Imperial Contest in America”
I wrote and submitted this dissertation to support my candidacy for a Doctorate in English from the University of Delaware in 2016. This dissertation builds on recent innovations in empires studies to argue that between King Philip’s War (1676) and the conclusion of the U.S. Civil War (1864), the visual and the textual representation of Native Americans in print culture worked in dialogue with one another to shape imperial identities among the diverse peoples of North America. I suggest that rather than forming through the commonly accepted colonizer/colonized model that theorizes the figure of the Indian as pure other, imperial identities in North America emerged through image-text patterns of triangulation that located Native Americans between empires. The project studies printed objects ranging from widely circulating prints like The Deplorable State of America (1765), to captivity narratives such as Hannah Swarton’s (1697) and the free black John Marrant’s (1783), to William Apess’ Eulogy on King Philip (1836), culminating with Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Marble Faun (1859). By studying this image/text system of signification, each chapter examines how Anglo-Americans, Native Americans, and Africans used image and text to animate hierarchies among racialized degrees of whiteness and redness. This dissertation was directed by the literary historian Edward Larkin. Image: Last of the Tribes. Hiram Powers. Modeled 1867-1872, carved 1876-1877. Marble. 66 x 52 x 57 in. The Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC.
- “Apess’ Eulogy and the Politics of Native Visualcy.” Early American Literature. Forthcoming Spring 2018. “Hawthorne’s Empire: Sculpture and the Indigenous in The Marble Faun.” Studies in American Fiction. 43.2 (2016) 161-183.
- Monstrosity and the Majority: Defamiliarizing Race in the University Classroom.” Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, and Culture. 16.2 (2016) 353-367.
- “Sculpture, the Problem of the Indigenous, and Hawthorne’s The Marble Faun. In HawthornEurope: Transatlantic Conversations. Edited by Valerio Massimo De Angelis. University of Macerata Press, Italy. (Modified version of “Hawthorne’s Empire,” above) Forthcoming Fall 2016.
- “Redness and the Contest of Anglo-American Empires.” In Community without Consent: New Perspectives on the Stamp Act. Edited by Zach Hutchins. Dartmouth College/University of New England Press, 2016.
Awards and Grants (selected)
- Jay and Deborah Last Fellow, American Antiquarian Society, 2015. One-Month Research Fellowship at American Antiquarian Society, Worchester, MA.
- Pre-Doctoral Fellowship, Smithsonian Institution, 2013-2014. Twelve-Month Fellowship at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
- University Graduate Fellows Award, University of Delaware, 2012-2013. Nine-Month Fellowship to Support Dissertation Research.
- Winterthur Short-term Research Fellowship, Winterthur Library, Museum, and Garden, 2012.
- “Local Empires: The Transatlantic Indian in the Eighteenth-Century,” Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture Annual Conference, Worcester, MA, June 2016.
- "Empire's Images: Visual Translation in the Literatures of Colonization.” Society of Early Americanists, University of Maryland and Washington DC, June 2016.
- “Apess’ Eulogy, Native Visualcy, and the Shapes of Sovereignty.” C19: The Society of Nineteenth-Century Americanists, Penn State, March 2016.
- “A Tale of Three Empires: The Image, the Transatlantic Indian, and the Broadside of Occom’s Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul.” Modern Language Association Conference, Austin, TX, January 2016.
- “Apess’ Eulogy and the Moving Image: Painting, Engraving, and Native Print Culture in the Antebellum Transatlantic.” Center For Historic American Visual Culture Conference. American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA, November 2015.
- "Apess’ Eulogy, Native Visualcy, and the Shapes of Sovereignty.” C19: The Society of Nineteenth-Century Americanists, Penn State, March 2015.
- “Imperial Rome/Imperial America: Race and the Problem of Indigenous Permanence in Hawthorne's The Marble Faun.” At HawthornEurope: Transatlantic Conversations: Italian Association of American Studies-Conference. University of Macerata, Italy, October 2014.
- “The Figure of the Indian and the Structure of Empire in Stamp-Act Political Prints.” American Society for Eighteenth- Century Studies. Williamsburg, VA, March 2014.
- “Teaching Race Through Defamiliarization.” And Gladly Teach?: Pedagogy, Practice, and the Teaching of Literature. University of Delaware. Wilmington, DE, April 2013.
- John Marrant’s British Identity and the Circum-Atlantic World,” American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies Annual Conference. Cleveland, OH, April 2013.
- “Captivity, Revolution, and Paratext in Elizabeth Hanson’s God’s Mercy Surrounding Man’s Cruelty.” Society of Early Americanists Conference. Savannah, GA, March 2013.
- “The Indian King and the Instability of Empire.” American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies Annual Conference. San Antonio, TX, March 2012.
- “The Indian Sachem and the Instability of Empire 1765-1783.” Winterthur Center for Material Culture Studies Annual Symposium for Emerging Scholars. Winterthur, DE, April 2011.
- “’To Knit a Pair of Stockins’: Rowlandson’s Captivity Narrative, Gender, and Colonial Identity.” Midwest Modern Language Association. St. Louis, MO, November 2009.
- Chair, Organizer, “Unsettling the Text: Sound and Vision in Nineteenth-Century Print Culture.” C19: The Society Nineteenth-Century Americanists. Penn State, March 2016.
- Organizer. “The Letter Killeth, But the Image Gives Life.” Modern Language Association Conference. Austin, TX, January 2016.
Ph.D., English, University of Delaware, May 2016
Dissertation: “Printing Indians and the Imperial Contest in America.”
Director: Edward Larkin
M.A., Literature, University of Houston, 2010
B.A., Rhetoric, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994